Endocrine surgery is a sub-specialty of general surgery that focuses predominantly on diseases of the thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal glands.
Procedures are performed on endocrine glands to achieve a hormonal or anti-hormonal effect in the body. Almost always, this entails operating to remove a tumor which has grown on or within an endocrine gland.
The most common endocrine surgery operations include the removal of the thyroid, parathyroid and/or adrenal glands.
Your endocrine system includes eight major glands throughout your body. These glands make hormones which travel through the bloodstream to tissues or organs.
Hormones work slowly and affect body processes from head to toe.
- Growth and development
- Metabolism – digestion, elimination, breathing, blood circulation and maintaining body temperature
- Sexual function
If your hormone levels are too high or too low, you may have a hormone disorder. Hormone diseases also occur if your body does not respond to hormones the way it is supposed to. Stress, infection and changes in your blood’s fluid and electrolyte balance can also influence hormone levels.
Laboratory, X-ray and diagnostic procedures, and interpretation
Use of the operating room, case room, and anaesthetic facilities required for diagnosis and treatment, including necessary equipment and supplies